Religion in Hertfordshire
Two 19th century sources
By Jill Barber
1851 Ecclesiastical Census
One of the most important sources for the study of religion in the 19th century is the Ecclesiastical Census, carried out by the Government in 1851 to investigate whether there were enough places of worship for the rapidly increasing population, and if they were in the right places. This is invaluable for local and family historians, enabling them to find out what places of worship existed at that time in a local area, and which a family might be most likely to attend.
The census returns can even give an insight into the weather. In Kings Walden, the day of the census (30 March) was reported to be ‘stormy and rainy’ which was why the service was ‘not so well attended as usual by Females’.
William Upton’s Survey, 1847
Hertfordshire has another fascinating source, which can be compared with the census. In 1847 William Upton (1796-1865), a Baptist minister in St Albans, began compiling his ‘Statistics of the Religious Condition of the County of Hertford’. Upton’s survey was found in a notebook among the records of the United Reformed Church at St Albans Road, Garston, Watford, when it closed, and passed to the United Reformed Church at Chiswell Green, St Albans. In 1990, this fascinating volume was deposited by the Church Treasurer at Hertfordshire Archives.
William Upton included comments on the ministers, based on his conversations with local people, which adds an amusing personal touch to his survey.
Transcriptions of these two sources have been published by Hertfordshire Record Society: Religion in Hertfordshire 1847 to 1851, Hertfordshire Record Publications, vol 11. Copies are available at Hertfordshire Archives.