Wadesmill. Barclay

Colin Wilson

Barclay's almshouse, formerly the toll house. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
The rear of Barclay's almshouse. Doors have numbers 3 and 4. Renovation plaque on end wall. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
The tollhouse information stone on the front of the building. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
Wadesmill Cottages Nos 1 and 2 from Millfield. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
Date plaque on Wadesmill Cottages Nos 1 - 2. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
Wadesmill Cottages 1 an 2 from toll house. Oct 2016
Colin Wilson
OS 25" map Hertfordshire XXIX.4 1898. Barclay's almshouse annotated
Courtesy of Hertfordshiire Archives and Local Studies

Wadesmill can boast of the first toll road in the country, dating back to 1663. According to the information plaque this building was used as a toll house in the 19th century.  Victoria County History includes Wadesmill as part of Thundridge. While it mentions the toll road, there is no reference to these almshouses. Neither Clutterbuck nor Cussans mention them.

Rachel and William Barclay set up an indenture  in 1794 founding almshouses at Wadesmill. The toll house became an almshouse. This creates a discrepancy in the dates. Maybe the almshouses were elsewhere to start with, or they came into operation later. Even so, the building is in use as an almshouse to this day. The building is grade II listed by Historic England, ref 1078708.

Four poor widows of good character from the Standon area received 2s 6d a week. Each widow had a room in which to cook, eat and sleep. There were 4 outside toilets. The endowment was £720, later invested in London Brighton and South Coast Railway stock. A plaque on the wall shows they were renovated in 1989.

Two bungalows were added in 1975 (but note the 1986 date on No 1), which were refurbished in 1999. They are now mobility standard properties.

The charity is now linked with the Standon Charities, forming the Barclay’s and Standon United Charities, ref 209195. The income from the endowment is low, hence there is substantial support from the Standon Charities. They are also affiliated to the Almshouse Association.

Readers are referred to the article about Standon Hadham Road for further information.


Georef:      535982 217619
Grid ref:    51o 50′ 27″N    0o 01′ 40″W
OS 25″ map Hertfordshire XXIX.4 pub 1923


Thundridge and Wadesmill in Hertfordshire; a Brief History, by Eileen Lynch
©Thundridge & High Cross Society 2001. First published 1988.

The Victoria County History of the County of Hertford  Ed William Page
Vol 3
Issued Archibald Constable & Co. 1912. Reprint by Dawsons of Pall Mall 1971 ISBN 0 7129 0477 8
This publication is available online at https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/herts/vol3/pp377-380

Documents held at HALS

nd [1934 – 1980s]
Print of a a line drawing of the Almshouses at Standon and photograph Thomas Clarkson Memorial at Wadesmill, before renovation

Websites accessed Jun 2022

Historic England https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1078708?section=official-list-entry

Charity Commission https://register-of-charities.charitycommission.gov.uk/charity-search/-/charity-details/209195




This page was added on 28/06/2022.

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